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Bromocriptine has been shown to be useful in all except – Cardiology MCQ – Answer

Bromocriptine has been shown to be useful in all except: 

Cardiology MCQs from Cardiophile MDInteractive Kindle Edition: Click here for a Preview

Correct answer: 3. Peripheral arterial disease

Bromocriptine is used for suppression of lactation and in the treatment of Parkinsonism. It has been shown to be useful in type 2 diabetes mellitus as well. Recent studies have shown its benefit in peripartum cardiomyopathy [1]. Being an ergot derivative, one of the adverse effect noted in the study was peripheral arterial occlusion. 16kDa prolactin subunit has been shown to produce endothelial dysfunction cardiac muscle cell dysfunction in experimental studies. Prolactin can promote inflammation in peripartum cardiomyopathy. Inhibition of prolactin release with bromocriptine (dopamine D2 receptor agonist) may prevent onset of peripartum cardiomyopathy.

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Reference

  1. Hilfiker-Kleiner D, Haghikia A, Berliner D, Vogel-Claussen J, Schwab J, Franke A, Schwarzkopf M, Ehlermann P, Pfister R, Michels G, Westenfeld R, Stangl V, Kindermann I, Kühl U, Angermann CE, Schlitt A, Fischer D, Podewski E, Böhm M, Sliwa K, Bauersachs J. Bromocriptine for the treatment of peripartum cardiomyopathy: a multicentre randomized study. Eur Heart J. 2017 Sep 14;38(35):2671-2679.

 

MCQs in Medicine - Cardiovascular System is based on undergraduate medical curriculum. Though the questions are aimed at basic post graduate entrance examinations, candidates taking competitive exams at the post graduate exit level may also find them useful, especially the explanations for the answers. Undergraduate medical students will find them useful for answering MCQ tests in their regular exams. More than just answering MCQs, the explanations will improve the knowledge and understanding about the conditions discussed.Medicine MCQs - Cardiovascular System Kindle Edition: Click Here for a Preview Comments and suggestions are most welcome.